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DECLASSIFIED

70 4089

HEADQUARTERS
2d Combined Action Group
III Marine Amphibious Force
FPO San Francisco, California 96602

5/LEN/aze
5000
18 May 1970

(CONFIDENTIAL)

From: Commanding Officer
To: Commandant of the Marine Corps (Code HD)
Via: (1) Commanding Officer, Combined Action Force
(2) Commanding General, III Marine Amphibious Force
(3) Commanding General, Fleet Marine Forces, Pacific
Subj: Command Chronology for period 1 April 1970 to 30 April 1970
Ref: (a) MCO 5750.1A
(b) FMFPacO 5750.8B
(c) CAFO 5750.1
Encl: (1) 2d Combined Action Group Command Chronology

1. In accordance with the provision of references (a), (b) and (c), enclosure (1) is submitted.

2. Downgraded at 3-year intervals, declassified after 12 years, DOD Dir 5200.10.

D.R. CHRISTENSEN


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DECLASSIFIED

HEADQUARTERS
2d Combined Action Group
III Marine Amphibious Force
FPO San Francisco, California 96602

COMMAND CHRONOLOGY

1 April 1970 to 30 April 1970

INDEX

Part I ORGANIZATIONAL DATA 1-1 to 1-2
Part II NARRATIVE SUMMARY 2-1 to 2-3
Part III SEQUENTIAL LISTING
OF SIGNIFICANT EVENTS
3-1 to 3-19

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(CONFIDENTIAL)

PART 1
Organizational Data

1. Designation Commander Date
2d Combined Action Group LtCol D.R. CHRISTENSEN (1Apr - 30Apr 1970)
Subordinate Units
1st Combined Action Company Capt R. D. TOMLIN (1Apr - 30Aprl970)
2nd Combined Action Company Capt T.M. BELDON (1Apr - 30Aprl970)
3rd Combined Action Company Capt W. J. CAMPBELL (1Apr - 30Aprl970)
4th Combined Action Company 1stLt R. W. JOHNSON (1Apr - 30Aprl970)
7th Combined Action Company Capt J.B. SCURAS (1Apr - 30Aprl970)
8th Combined Action Company Capt J. R. KNIBBS (1Apr - 30Aprl970)
9th Combined Action Company 1stLt T. W. COSTELLO (lApr - 30Apr1970)

Attached Units

Det, Kit Carson Scouts, 1st Marine Division G-2 (C-1)
Det, ARVN Interpreters/Translators, III Marine Amphibious Force
Det, Medical Section, Headquarters, III Marine Amphibious Force
Det, Scout Dogs, III MP Battalion, 1st Marine Division

2. Location

1 April 1970 to 30 April 1970

HQ, 2d CAG Hieu Nhon District, Quang Nam Province, RVN
CACO 2-1 Hieu Duc District, Quang Nam Province, RVN
CACO 2-2 Dai Loc District, Quang Nam Province, RVN
CACO 2-3 Dien Ban District, Quang Nam Province, RVN
CACO 2-4 Hieu Nhon District, Quang Nam Province, RVN
CACO 2-7 Hoa Vang District, Quang Nam Province, RVN
CACO 2-8 Hoa Vang District, Quang Nam Province, RVN
CACO 2-9 Duc Duc District, Quang Nam Province, RVN

3. Staff Officers

ExecO/Civic ActionO/S-5 Off Maj J.A. MCCARTY (1Apr - 30Apr70)
S-1 Off 1stLt W.J. DECKER (1Apr - 30Apr70)
S-2/S-3 Off Maj L.E. NUGENT (1Apr - 30Apr70)
Asst S-2/S-3 Off 2dLt M.A. CARDINALE (1Apr - 30Apr70)


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4. Average Monthly Strength
USMC USN Others
Off    Enl Off    Enl Off    Enl
14    612 0    40 0    12

5. End-of-Month Unit Diary Strength
USMC USN Others
Off    Enl Off    Enl Off    Enl
14    612 0    40 0    9


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Part II

NARRATIVE SUMMARY

General: During April the enemy initiated Phase I of the K700 campaign. This campaign was designed to discredit and neutralize pacification efforts in Quang Nam Province which apparently are deeply felt by the VC infrastructure. The enemy has placed increased emphasis on the political objective of destroying the peopleís faith in the GVN as a viable form of security. 2d CAG aimed its efforts to countering this renewed enemy push in both the military and political area.

During April, the enemy hit District Headquarters, political offices of the GVN and civilian centers. On the first of the month Dien Ban District Headquarters, colocated with CACO 2-3 Headquarters was hit by 82mm mortar fire. The CACO returned mortar fire causing the enemy fire to stop. Also on the first the VC mounted a major terrorist attack on a hamlet 1.8 km east of Dai Loc District Headquarters. They burned homes, kidnapped civilians and stole 3 water buffaloes. The enemy left behind propaganda leaflets. CACO 2-2 contacted PsyOps, which did an excellent job of turning this terrorist attack into a propaganda victory for the GVN.

2d CAG small units have been thoroughly briefed on the dangers of pulling down VC/NVA propaganda or flags without first checking for trip wires. This training paid off on the 3rd when a CAP 2-7-6 patrol discovered a VC flag on a flag pole 6.4 km SW of Hoa Vang District Headquarters. Checking it out with the aid of a 1st Marine Regiment Mine Team, they discovered it to be connected to two M-26 grenades, doubled rigged with trip and pressure release type firing devices. The two SFDs and flag were destroyed in place. On the 4th CAP 2-3-2 while conducting a MED CAP 800m NE of Hieu Nhon District Headquarters was the target of a terrorist attack. The MEDCAPs have been an outstanding success, with 2d CAG units conducting both formal and informal MEDCAPs. Whenever possible, 2d CAG has had the PF Corpsman help with the MEDCAPs, bringing across the the people that loyalty to the GVN has advantages. The VC realize the success of these MEDCAPs, thus this attack, in an attempt to frighten the people away from MEDCAPs. Here again, PsyOps was employed to show the people that the GVN is looking out for their welfare.

In line with the field MEDCAPs, conducted by the CAPs, 2d CAG Headquarters personnel working with the 2d CAG medical department held daily MEDCAPs for adjacent villages. In April 2d CAG HQ's Medical Section started the construction of a building to be used for this purpose within the compound area.

On the 11th, the quick deployment of a CAP 2-3-5 patrol in reaction to a VC kidnapping incident prevented the capture of two GVN hamlet officials. The VC dressed in 51st ARVN uniforms entered Trien Trung Hamlet, killed the hamlet Chief and fled with the two other hamlet officials. 2-3-5 took the enemy under fire, at which time the GVN Officials escaped. 2-3-5 captured 2 VCS, while CAP 2-3-4 captured 1 VCS. The three VCS were turned over to District Headquarters for questioning and PsyOps was brought in to use this incident against the enemy. On the 13th the VC attacked the Cam Chau village office, killing 1 civilian and wounding 9 civilians. Headquarters personnel

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from CACO 2-4 gave medical assistance to the wounded and handled their Medevac to a local hospital. 2d CAG HQs supplied personnel to go on a combined operation with PBR and UDT elements of the First Coastal Zone Advisory Group on the 15th. The patrol discovered 5 bunkers, which were then destroyed and captured one individual weapon, later to be delivered to District Headquarters. The 2d CAG HQs unit has in the past (and continues to do so) given the PBRs stationed at 2d CAG assistance with man power needs for sweeps, security elements and blocking forces.

On the following day, the 16th, a multi-CAP operation of CAPs 2-3-1, 2-3-3, 2-3-2, and 2-3-6 had excellent results with a sweep, discovering (1) 500 lb bomb rigged for command detonation, (1) 155mm round, (1) 105mm round, (1) 82mm HE round and 3 bunkers. All ordnance and the 3 bunkers were destroyed by the CAPs.

On the 18th in a combined operation with PBR elements of the 1st Coastal Zone Advisory Group, a CAP 2-4-2 patrol discovered, and with the aid of a fixed wing attack destroyed an enemy, company size base camp. The camp showed evidence of recent use. The CAP captured 100 lbs of foodstuffs, documents, 2 NVA packs, 1 NVA helmet, and destroyed 15 bunkers.

The CAP personnel of 2d CAG have been trained to be alert to their surroundings, to pay attention to any unusual activities and to be able to know most of the civilians, military personnel in their area on sight. This training paid off on the 19th when CAP 2-7-5 apprehended a VCS dressed in an ARVN uniform. The man was unfamiliar to the CAP Marines, a check proved him to be lacking an ID card and to be unresponsive to questioning. The VCS was turned over to District Headquarters for further interrogation.

On the 30th a CAP 2-2-1 ambush was taken under fire by the enemy. The CAP returned fire and the enemy fled in an unknown direction. Returning from their night activity, the ambush discovered that the enemy had burned 6 VN civilian homes, kidnapped 50 VN civilians and wounded 1 VN civilian and 1 nonCAP PF minor. In addition to contacting PsyOps, the CAP arranged for lumber and sheet metal and gave the civilians, both the materials and their help in rebuilding the damage caused by the VC. This type of assistance, unasked for by the villages, has won the CAP Marines strong supporters in the villages and hamlets.

Because of the friendship, trust, that exists between the populations of hamlets protected by CAPs and CAP Marines, the Marines receive timely intelligence. On two incidents, both on the 30th, intelligence was received from villagers which led to the capture of VC POWs.

A CACO 2-7 Headquarters patrol captured 2 VC who had attempted to assassinate the Hamlet Chief of Thanh Minh. They arrived in time to apprehend these two VC, due to receiving intelligence from local villagers on the assassination attempt. CAP 2-4-3 captured 6 VC after the enemy location was revealed by local RD Cadre members.

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(CONFIDENTIAL)

Training: During April training was carried out by the CACOs in accordance with Group Bulletin 1500. All training plans were submitted to the Commanding Officer, 2d CAG by the CACOs prior to those plans being used. Training emphasis was placed on educating the PFs in the use, care, and repairs of the M60 machine gun and in the use, preventive maintenance, and lessons in radio procedure of the PRC-25 radio.

Inspections: During the month of April a regular schedule of staff inspections was conducted throughout the CAPís. These inspections consisted of detailed critiques of undesirable trends and were submitted to CACOs so they could take corrective action. Also inspected were records being kept and coordination accomplished on both the CACO and CAP levels. Supply and communications inspections were also conducted in order to evaluate the state of readiness at the CAP and CACO level, based on usage data compiled at 2d CAG Headquarters.

Conference/Meetings:

Staff Conference. 2d CAG Headquarters continued to hold weekly staff meetings where matters of multiple staff cognizance were discussed.

Combined Action Company C.O.ís Meeting. During the month of April meetings were held on a weekly basis for all Combined Action Company Commanders and the Headquarters Staff. These meetings were specifically designed for the purpose of working out problems of support and coordination, in addition to promulgating command guidance. At each of these meetings the individual CACO C.O. or his representative gave a projection from the DIOCC (District Intelligence/Operations Control Center) concerning intelligence in their area for the coming week.

CAP Commanders Conference. In April, at the monthly CAP Commanders Conference, the following subjects, approved by the CACO Commanders, were discussed, the National Police Field Force, call signs used when receiving a VIP visitor, weapon safety and methods of handling VC/NVA flags found flying in the CAP TAOCs.

OJT for 4th CAG Personnel: During April 2d CAG received 6 men from 4th CAG for on the job training with 2d CAGís CAPs. This program is producing excellent results, with the majority of the 4th CAG personnel receiving combat experience.

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PART III

SEQUENTIAL LISTING OF SIGNIFICANT EVENTS

1 Apr 70 The CACO 2-3 Headquarters, located adjacent to Dien Ban District Headquarters, received an unknown number of 82mm mortar rounds and SAF from an USEF in the vicinity of BT 066584. The CACO 2-3 Headquarters returned counter-mortar fire on suspected enemy locations causing the enemy to cease fire and withdraw in an unknown direction. Lacking a discernable enemy location, a sweep was not conducted. RESULTS: Unknown.
1 Apr 70 A CAP 2-2-1 ambush received AWF and SAF from an USEF at AT 927579, 1.8 km E of Dai Loc District Headquarters. The ambush returned organic weapons fire causing the enemy to withdraw E. A sweep of the area disclosed 15 houses on fire, 1 VN civilian KIA and 1 VN civilian with a minor gunshot wound inflicted by the withdrawing enemy force. The wounded VN civilian reported to CAP PF that VC had set the houses afire, kidnapped an unknown number of VN civilians and stole 3 water buffaloes. The VN civilian was rendered first aid and released. A further sweep of the area disclosed 4 NVA flags and 30 VN language VC propaganda leaflets. The leaflets were delivered to District Headquarters for analysis along with the flags. PsyOps was notified. RESULTS: 1 VN civilian KIA, 1 VN civilian WIA(M), an unknown number of VN civilians MIA, 3 stolen water buffaloes; 4 NVA flags and 30 VN language VC propaganda leaflets captured.
1 Apr 70 A CAP 2-1-4 patrol initiated organic weapons fire on 3 enemy discovered in a bunker at AT 958686, 3 km E of Hieu Duc District Headquarters. The enemy did not return fire. A search of the area disclosed 1 VC KIA, 1 NVA, 1 VC POWS, 1 AK-47, 2 ChiCom 9mm pistols, 1 M-26 grenade, 1 M-33 grenade, and miscellaneous documents. Upon questioning by CAP PF, it was learned that the NVA POW is a warrant officer in the 31st NVA Regiment. The VC and NVA POWs and documents were delivered to District Headquarters for further interrogation and analysis respectively, along with the rifle and 2 pistols. The bunker and grenades were destroyed. RESULTS: 1 VC KIA, 1 NVA POW, 1 VC POW; 3 IWC; miscellaneous documents captured; 1 bunker, 1 M-26 grenade, 1 M-33 grenade destroyed.
2 Apr 70 A CAP 2-4-3 patrol initiated organic weapons fire on 1 VC running S at BT 176587, 1.6 km E of Hieu Duc (Should be Hieu Nhon - Ed.) District Headquarters. The enemy fled S without returning fire. A sweep of the area disclosed 1 VC WIA. The VC was rendered first aid and medevaced by helicopter. The VC POW will be returned to Hieu Nhon District Headquarters for interrogation after medical treatment. RESULTS: 1 VC POW.

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2 Apr 70 Acting on information received from local villagers that 10 VC were 600m NE of the patrol base, a CAP 2-3-7 patrol base dispatched a CAP PF patrol to investigate. The PF patrol received SAF from an estimated 10 VC in a hedgerow at BT 057625, 4 km N of Dien Ban District Headquarters. The PF patrol returned organic weapons fire, requested a CAP 2-3-7 reaction force and caused the enemy to flee NE. 1 PF was WIA in the contact and 1 M-16 was lost to the enemy. The reaction force evacuated the PF WIA by helicopter. A sweep of the area was nonproductive. The PF patrol was mutually agreed upon by the District Chief and the CACO Commander in order to evaluate CAP PF proficiency. RESULTS: 1 PF WIA(E), 1 M-16 lost to the enemy.
2 Apr 70 A CAP 2-9-1 ambush called an artillery fire mission on an estimated 20 VC moving S in groups of 4 to 6 VC in grid square 8847, 1 km E of Duc Duc District Headquarters. The enemy fled S. An USEF then began a VN and English language propaganda broadcast from AT 887477, 1 km E of Duc Duc District Headquarters. The ambush called an artillery fire mission on the suspected broadcast sight and the broadcast appealing to Marines and PF to rally to the VC ceased. PsyOps was notified. A sweep of the area was nonproductive. RESULTS: Negative.
3 Apr 70 A CAP 2-7-6 patrol discovered 1 VC flag raised on a flag-pole at BT 072702, 6.4 km SW of Hoa Vang District Headquarters and requested a mine sweep team from the 1st Marine Regiment. The mine sweep team discovered 2 M-26 grenade booby traps each rigged with a trip wire and pressure type firing device in the vicinity of the flagpole. The SFDs and the flag were destroyed. A search of the area for further SFDs was nonproductive. RESULTS: 2 SFDs and 1 VC flag destroyed.
3 Apr 70 A CAP 2-1-4 patrol discovered 1 122mm rocket, 2 M-16 AP mines rigged with pressure type firing devices and 300 lbs of rice at AT 964692, 3.5 km E of Hieu Duc District Headquarters. The SFDs were destroyed in place and the 122mm rocket and rice were delivered to District Headquarters. The rice will be redistributed to local villagers. A search of the area for further SFDs and rockets was non-productive. RESULTS: 2 SFDs destroyed, 1 122mm rocket and 300 lbs of rice captured.
4 Apr 70 A CAP 2-4-5 patrol apprehended 8 VN civilians without identification in a restricted area at BT 175580, 1.5 km NW of Hieu Nhon District Headquarters. Unresponsive to questioning by CAP PF, the VN were classified as VCS and delivered to District Headquarters for further interrogation. RESULTS: 8 VCS.

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4 Apr 70 While conducting a MEDCAP at BT 169581, 800 m NE of Hieu Nhon District Headquarters, a CAP 2-4-3 patrol base received 1 M-26 grenade from an USEF. 2 USMC, 1 USN, 1 PF, 1 RD Cadreman and 5 VN children were WIA from the exploding grenade. The enemy fled in an unknown direction. During a search of the area, CAP PF apprehended 3 VN civilians suspected of throwing the grenade. The VN were classified as VCS and delivered to District Headquarters for interrogation. The PF WIA was medevaced by helicopter. The other friendly casualties were rendered first aid and medevaced by vehicle to Hoi An Hospital. RESULTS: 2 USMC WIA(E), 1 PF WIA(E), 1 RD Cadreman WIA(E), 5 VN civilians WIA(E).
4 Apr 70 A CAP 2-3-1 patrol base received 20 RPGs and SAF from an USEF at BT 072583, 900m E of Dien Ban District Headquarters. The CAP returned organic weapons fire and called a 60mm mortar and 81mm mortar fire mission and a fixed wing gunship mission on the enemy location causing the enemy to flee E. 2 PF were K1A, 4 PF WIA and 2 PF received minor fragmentation wounds in the contact. The 4 PF WIA were medevaced by helicopter to NSA Hospital. During a sweep of the area, the patrol discovered 1 RPG and apprehended 8 VN civilians who were classified as VCS by CAP PF and delivered to District Headquarters for interrogation. The RPG was destroyed. RESULTS: 2 PF KIA, 4 PF WIA(E), 2 PF WIA(M), 8 VCS, 1 RPG destroyed.
6 Apr 70 In a combined patrol with an element of the 1st Marines, a CAP 2-7-6 point element initiated SAF on 1 VC moving E at BT 069703, 5.9 km SE of Hoa Vang District Headquarters. The enemy disappeared from sight without returning fire. A sweep of the area disclosed 1 VC KIA, 1 AK-47, 1 M-26 grenade and 1 pack containing miscellaneous documents. The grenade was destroyed. The documents were delivered to District Headquarters for analysis along with the rifle. RESULTS: 1 VC KIA, 1 IWC, miscellaneous documents, 1 pack captured; 1 M-26 grenade destroyed.
7 Apr 70 Acting on information received from local villagers that 6 VC were located at BT 063593, 1 km N of Dien Ban District Headquarters, a CAP 2-3-6 patrol base dispatched a patrol to investigate. Arriving in the vicinity of the suspected enemy location, the patrol received SAF from the 6 VC in a treeline. The patrol returned organic weapons fire causing the enemy to flee N and requested CAP 2-3-2 attempt to make contact with the fleeing VC. A CAP 2-3-2 patrol base dispatched a patrol which initiated organic weapons fire an the fleeing VC at BT 058602, 2.1 km N of Dien Ban District Headquarters. The enemy returned SAF and fled N. The patrol called an 81mm mortar fire mission on probable enemy escape routes. A sweep of the area disclosed 1 VC KIA. RESULTS: 1 VC KIA.

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8 Apr 70 A CAP 2-9-1 patrol received SAF from an USEF in a treeline at AT 888491, 2.6 km NE of Duc Duc District Headquarters. The patrol returned organic weapons fire causing the enemy to flee N. The patrol called an artillery fire mission on probable enemy escape routes. During a sweep of the area which disclosed 1 VC KIA, a PF member of the patrol accidentally detonated an unknown type booby trap rigged with an unknown type firing device. 1 PF was KIA and 1 USMC received minor fragmentation wounds from the exploding SFD. A search of the area for further SFDs was nonproductive. RESULTS: 1 PF KIA, 1 USMC WIA(M), 1 VC KIA.
11 Apr 70 A Marine member of a CAP 2-3-1 patrol accidentally detonated an 81mm HE round booby trap rigged with a trip wire firing device at BT 085590, 2.1 km E of Dien Ban District Headquarters. Two USMC and 1 PF were WIA and 1 USMC received a minor fragmentation wound from the exploding SFD. The 2 USMC WIA and 1 PF WIA were medevaced by helicopter to 95th Evac Hospital. A search of the area for further SFDs was nonproductive. RESULTS: 2 USMC WIA(E), 1 PF WIA(E), 1 USMC WIA(M).
11 Apr 70 A CAP 2-3-4 patrol discovered at BT 093570, 2.6 km SE of Dien Ban District Headquarters, the body of the Trien Trung Hamlet Chief. The patrol apprehended 1 VN civilian in the vicinity of the body who was classified as VCS by CAP PF, and delivered to District Headquarters. The patrol continued to Trien Trung Hamlet where they learned that 13 VC dressed in 51st ARVN uniforms kidnapped the Hamlet Chief along with 2 other Hamlet officials at 111330H and fled in an unknown direction. The patrol began a sweep of the area where the body was discovered and requested CAP 2-3-5 dispatch a patrol to the E to attempt to locate the fleeing 15 VC and the 2 kidnapped Hamlet officials. The CAP 2-3-5 patrol base dispatched a patrol as requested and received SAF from an estimated 5 VC moving E with the 2 Hamlet officials as captives at BT 103570, 3.8 km SE of Dien Ban District Headquarters. The patrol returned organic weapons fire causing the enemy to flee E enabling the captive Hamlet officials to escape. The fleeing VC returned SAF wounding 4 VN civilians who were along the escape route. The patrol rendered first aid and medevaced the 4 VN civilian WIA. During a sweep of the area, the patrol apprehended 2 VN civilians without identification. Unresponsive to questioning by CAP PF, the VN were classified as VCS and delivered to District Headquarters for further interrogation, PsyOps was notified. RESULTS: 1 VN civilian KIA, 4 VN civilians WIA(E), 3 VCS.

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13 Apr 70 A CAP 2-1-4 patrol discovered 2 bunkers at AT 952687, 2.3 km E of Hieu Duc District Headquarters. A search of the bunkers and the surrounding area disclosed 2 AK-47 rifles, 2 RPGs, and 500 lbs of rice. The RPGs, rice and bunkers were destroyed and the rifles were delivered to District Headquarters. Continuing on the patrol route, the patrol discovered 1 82mm mortar tube, 2 82mm mortar bipods and 2 82mm mortar baseplates in a creek at AT 962693, 3.3 km E of Hieu Duc District Headquarters. The 82mm mortar tube, bipods and baseplates were delivered to District Headquarters. RESULTS: 1 CSWC, 2 IWC, 1 82mm mortar bipod, 2 82mm mortar baseplates captured; 2 RPGs, 500 lbs of rice and 2 bunkers destroyed.
13 Apr 70 Responding to a request for assistance from local villagers, CACO 2-4 Headquarters rendered first aid and medevaced 9 VN civilians who were wounded from the detonation of an unknown type explosive device in the Cam Chau Village office at BT 164574, 20m E of Hieu Nhon District Headquarters. One VN civilian was KIA from the exploding device. PsyOps was notified. RESULTS: 1 VN civilian KIA, 9 VN civilians WIA(E).
16 Apr 70 A multi-CAP operation of CAPs 2-3-l, 2-3-2, 2-3-3, and 2-3-6 discovered 1 500 lb bomb booby trap rigged for command detonation, 1 155mm HE round, 1 105mm HE round, 1 82mm HE round and 3 bunkers in the vicinity of BT 035568, 3.2 km SE of Dien Ban District Headquarters. The SFD, ordnance and bunkers were destroyed in place. RESULTS: 1 SFD, 1 155mm HE round, 1 105mm HE round, 1 82mm HE round and 3 bunkers destroyed.
18 Apr 70 In a combined operation with PBR elements of 1st Coastal Zone Advisory Group, a CAP 2-4-2 patrol initiated organic weapons fire and called a fixed wing fire support mission on 5 VC in bunkers at BT 118554, 4.6 km SW of Hieu Nhon District Headquarters. Two secondary explosions were caused by the air strike. The enemy returned small arms fire and fled S and W. A sweep of the area disclosed a company size base camp containing 100 lbs foodstuff, 5 M-26 grenades, 2 NVA packs, 2 US steel helmets, 1 NVA helmet, 1 pair ROKMC utilities, assorted pots, pan and cooking utensils, numerous grass huts, 2 sampans, miscellaneous medical supplies, 15 bunkers either destroyed or damaged by the air strike, miscellaneous documents and numerous blood trails. The documents were delivered to District Headquarters for analysis. All other items discovered were destroyed. RESULTS: Miscellaneous documents captured; an enemy company size base camp containing 100 lbs foodstuff, 5 M-26 grenades, 2 NVA packs, 2 US steel helmets,

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18 Apr 70 1 NVA helmet, 1 pair ROKMC utilities, miscellaneous medical supplies destroyed; 15 bunkers either destroyed or damaged.
19 Apr 70 A CAP 2-7-5 patrol base apprehended I unfamiliar VN male in an ARVN uniform at BT 052696, 4.9 km SE of Hoa Vang District Headquarters. Without identification and unresponsive to questioning by CAP PF, the VN was classified as a VCS and delivered to District Headquarters for further interrogation. RESULTS: 1 VCS.
19 Apr 70 A CAP 2-7-6 patrol apprehended 1 VN male obviously attempting te evade the patrol by hiding in the brush at BT 079708, 6.6 km SE of Hoa Vang District Headquarters. Upon questioning by CAP PF, the VN was classified as VC. During the sweep of the area, the patrol discovered 1 claymore mine, and apprehended 9 VN civilians with improper identification. Unresponsive to questioning by CAP PF, the VN were classified as VCS. The claymore mine was destroyed in place. The local force VC guerrilla POW and 9 VCS were delivered to District Headquarters for interrogation. RESULTS: 1 VC POW, 9 VCS, 1 claymore mine destroyed.
20 Apr 70 A CAP 2-4-1 patrol initiated organic weapons fire on 8 VC moving E at BT 177592, 2.5 km NE of Hieu Nhon District Headquarters. The enemy returned fire with 3 ChiCom grenades SAF and fled W. A sweep of the area disclosed 1 VC KIA, 1 SA magazine, 1 pistol belt and numerous blood trails. The SA magazine and pistol belt were delivered to District Headquarters. RESULTS: 1 VC KIA; 1 SA magazine and 1 pistol belt captured.
20 Apr 70 A CAP 2-4-3 patrol received 2 ChiCom grenades and SAF from an USEF in a house located at BT 168582, 1.3 km NE of Hieu Nhon District Headquarters. The patrol returned organic weapons fire causing the enemy to flee NW. One USMC was WIA and 1 USMC received minor fragmentation wounds in the contact. The USMC WIA was medevaced by helicopter. A sweep of the area disclosed 5 VN civilians who wore obviously preparing food for the enemy force, 5 lbs of cooked rice, 15 lbs of uncooked rice, miscellaneous cooking utensils and numerous drag marks leading NW out of the village. Unresponsive to questioning by CAP PF, the VN were classified as VCS and delivered to District Headquarters for interrogation. The rice and cooking utensils were distributed to local villagers. RESULTS: 1 USMC WIA(E), 1 USMC WIA(M); 5 VCS; 5 lbs cooked rice, 15 lbs uncooked rice, and miscellaneous cooking utensils captured.

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22 Apr 70 A CAP 2-3-2 patrol initiated organic weapons fire on 1 VC carrying a weapon and attempting to flee NE across the Song Vinh Dien River at BT 057608, 3 km NW of Dien Ban District Headquarters. The enemy did not return fire. A sweep of the area disclosed 1 VC KIA and 4 bunkers. The 4 bunkers were destroyed. RESULTS: 1 VC KIA and 4 bunkers destroyed.
24 Apr 70 A CAP 2-7-5 ambush initiated organic weapons fire on an USEF at BT 051697, 3.2 km SE of Hoa Vang District Headquarters. The enemy returned fire with 2 M-26 grenades and fled in an unknown direction. One USMC received minor fragmentation wounds during the contact. A sweep of the area disclosed 1 VC KIA, 1 AK-47 rifle, 1 SA magazine, 4 M-26 grenades and 1 US type cartridge belt. The M-26 grenades were destroyed in place and the AK-47, SA magazine and US cartridge belt were delivered to District Headquarters. RESULTS: 1 USMC WIA(M), 1 VC KIA; 1 IWC, 1 SA magazine and 1 US cartridge belt captured; 4 M-26 grenades destroyed.
25 Apr 70 Many events considered "significant" by those of us in the CAPs are not mentioned in the Command Chronologies written at headquarters. For example, Greg "Doc" Lutes writes of, and the 2nd CAG Unit Diary confirms, an April 25 incident in which one CAP 2-4-3 member was killed and four others wounded. That incident is not mentioned in this Command Chronology. According to the Unit Diary, the KIA was P.W. Handerhan, 2505741. The WIAs were D.J. Ensminger, 2557512; A.L. Levy, 2507980; G.G. Lutes, N B855637; and R.J. Millwood, 2462310. Yet two days later the Command Chronology records the killing of a VC and the capture of a "pith helmet" by 2-4-3.
27 Apr 70 A CAP 2-4-3 ambush initiated organic weapons fire on 1 VC wearing a helmet and carrying a weapon moving N at BT 165576, 1 km S of Hieu Nhon District Headquarters. The VC fled S without returning fire. A sweep of the area disclosed 1 pith helmet and 1 VC KIA. The pith helmet was delivered to District Headquarters. RESULTS: 1 VC KIA, 1 pith helmet captured.
28 Apr 70 A CAP 2-2-1 patrol base received 4 82m mortar rounds from an unknown location at AT 922577, km N of Dai Loc District Headquarters. The patrol base returned countermortar fire on the suspected enemy locations causing the enemy to cease fire. One VN civilian was WIA from the exploding enemy mortar fire and medevaced by helicopter. A sweep of the area was not conducted for lack of a discernable target. Psy0ps was notified. RESULTS: 1 VN civilian WIA(E).
29 Apr 70 A CAP 2-3-2 patrol initiated organic weapons fire on 2 VC with weapons moving E at BT 056615, 3.5 km N of Dien Ban District Headquarters. The VC fled E without returning fire. A sweep of the area disclosed 1 VC KIA and 1 blood trail. RESULTS: 1 VC KIA.
30 Apr 70 A CAP 2-2-1 ambush received M-79 rounds and SAF from an USEF at AT 929579, 1 km E of Dai Loc District Headquarters. The ambush returned organic weapons fire causing the enemy to flee in an unknown direction. A sweep of the area was nonproductive. At the same time a CAP 2-2-1 patrol base received 5 RPGs and AWF from an USEF at AT 932572, 1.5 km E

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30 Apr 70 of Dai Loc District Headquarters. The patrol base returned organic weapons fire causing the enemy to flee in an unknowm direction and called an 81mm mortar fire mission on suspected enemy escape routes. A sweep of the area was nonproductive. The CAP 2-2-1 ambush returning from night activities discovered 6 burned houses at AT 929585, 1.3 km NE of Dai Loc District Headquarters, and were informed by local villagers that the VC had kidnapped 50 VN civilians and fled in an unknown direction. A sweep of the area disclosed 2 non-CAP PF and 1 VN civilian with minor wounds, received from the enemy when they entered the village. Psy0ps was notified. RESULTS: 2 non-CAP PF WIA(M) and 1 VN civilian WIA(M); 50 VN civilians kidnapped; 6 houses burned.
30 Apr 70 A CAP 2-2-3 patrol base received 7 82mm mortar rounds at AT 929608, 6 km N of Dai Loc District Headquarters. The patrol base called for an 81mm mortar fire mission on the suspected enemy firing position, causing the enemy to cease fire. The area was not swept because it was outside the CAP TAOC. RESULTS: Unknown.
30 Apr 70 Responding to a request for assistance from local villagers, a CACO 2-7 Headquarters patrol rendered first aid and medevaced 3 VN civilians wounded by claymore mine fragmentation in an assassination attempt on the life of the Thanh Minh Hamlet Chief at BT 049612, 3.5 km NW of Dien Ban District Headquarters. A sweep of the area disclosed 2 VN females hiding in brush with batteries and communication wire in their possession. Upon questioning by CAP PF, the VN were classified as local force VC guerrillas and delivered to District Headquarters for further interrogation. PsyOps was notified. RESULTS: 3 VN civilians WIA(E), 2 VC POW.
30 Apr 70 Responding to a request for assistance from local villagers, a CAP 2-7-5 patrol assisted elements of the 2nd Bn 1st Marines in rendering first aid and medevacing the Deputy Chief for Security of Kim Son Village at BT 070700, 6.2 km SE of Hoa Vang District Headquarters. The Deputy Chief for Security was reportedly wounded from an exploding M-26 grenade thrown by a VN woman from a passing bus. A sweep of the area was nonproductive. Psy0ps was notified. RESULTS: 1 VN civilian WIA(E).

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DECLASSIFIED

CONFIDENTIAL

2. Neutralization of Enemy Forces

a. NVA KIA 0
b. VC KIA 15
c. NVA POW 1
d. VC POW 14
e. VCI POW 0
f. HOI CHANHS
(1) NVA 0
(2) VC 0
(3) VCI 0

3. Casualties Sustained

  a. USMC KIA 2 (including 1 DOW)
b. USMC WIA(E) 18 (including 4 NBC(E))
c. USMC WIA(M) 12 (including 1 NBC(M))
d. USMC MIA 0  
e. USN KIA 0  
f. USN WIA(E) 2 (including 1 NBC (E))
g. USN WIA(M) 3 (including 1 NBC (M))
h. USN MIA 0  
i. CAP PF KIA 4  
j. CAP PF WIA(E) 12  
k. CAP PF WIA(M) 8  
l. CAP PF MIA 0  

4. New Techniques Employed Negative

5. Command Relationships

    There were no significant problems in the command relationships between 2d CAG units and coordinating units, Vietnamese, American or Korean.

6. Significant Accomplishments of Attachments

    a. ARVN Interpreters/Translators, III MAF
    During April, 2d CAG employed 6 interpreters in the field and 1 interpreter stationed at 2d CAG Headquarters. The interpreters continued to do their excellent work enabling 2d CAG units to coordinate smoothly with their Vietnamese counterparts.

    b. Kit Carson Scouts  1st MarDiv (G-2)
    There were 9 Kit Carson Scouts deployed in 2d CAG units during April. They participated in 265 day and night patrols, assisted with 2 classes and conducted 5 PsyOps broadcasts. They aided in the discovery of 3 cave/tunnel complexes.

    c. Scout Dogs 3rd MPs 1st Mar Div

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DECLASSIFIED

CONFIDENTIAL

2d CAG made extensive use of Mine and Booby Trap dogs and the Scout dogs from 3rd MPs lst MARDIV. The dogs proved to be a valuable asset to the patrols of 2d CAG small units.

7. Lessons Learned Negative

8. Logistics
     a. General: This Command continues to be in a C-2 category under the Mares Reporting System. The biggest single event during this month was the addition of (7) Combined Action Platoons from 3rd and 4th CAG who arrived with equipment.
b. Significant Events: During this period this command received the following combat essential equipment from 3rd CAG and 4th CAG.

       
NOMENCLATURE QTY
PRC-25 Radio 21
60mm Mortar 2
M79 Grenade Launcher 14
M60 Machine Gun 14
Starlight Scope 14
Shot Gun 77E 4
M22 Mounts T/E mechanism 6
Detecting Set, Seismic Intrusion,
AN/PSR-1A
2

The following equipment was received from the Supply Center at Barstow, Calif:
    NOMENCLATURE QTY
50 Cal Machine Guns 5

  c. Damage to Weapons due to Enemy Action: During this period there were no weapons damaged beyond repair due to enemy action.
 
d. Motor Transport:
(1) The Group Motor Transport Section drove a total of 35,517 miles during this period. Thirteen (13) motor transport vehicles were deadlined. Ten (10) of these vehicles were deadlined for 2d echelon maintenance. Breakdown is as follows:
(2) M35A2C
(4) M37B1
(4) M151A1
(2) One (1) vehicle was deadlined for 3rd echelon maintenance during this period. The Breakdown is as follows:
(1) M151A1

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DECLASSIFIED

(3) During this period two (2) M37B1's were code H and were sent in for repair.

(4) This command received during this period (1) M151A1 and (1) M37B1 for the group motor transport section.

(5) Average deadline times were as follows:

   2nd Echelon  5 days
3rd Echelon 15 days

e. Airlift:

  (1) During this time period no airlifts have been scheduled.

f. Messhall:

  (1) Approximately 9,570 meals were served during this period in the 2nd CAG's messhall.

  (2) A total of 2,720 meals were distributed to field units from 2nd CAG's messhall.

g. Armory:

  (1) The armory has repaired a total of 65 weapons during this period. Forty Five (45) weapons were sent in for repair to lst FSR for 3rd echelon maintenance.

h. Miscellaneous Services:

i. Supplies: Supplies are generally satisfactory. Lag periods in document status continues to delay completion time frames.

j. Problem Areas:

  (1) The command's "Critical Problem Areas" has been the failure to receive the following:

  NOMENCLATURE QTY ON RQN
TA-312 56
Gen PU-482  2

(2) Failure to receive the above mentioned items causes a marked loss of logistic efficiency. This is especially true as in regards to the PU-482 generators.

(3) Failure to hold (108) 60MM Mortars is the largest deficiency of combat essential equipment. Unlike generators the failure to have the 60MM Mortars on hand causes no impairment of this command's tactical efficiency.

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DECLASSIFIED

9. Civic Action/Psychological Operations

  1. During the month of April Civic Action NCO's from the 2d Combined Action Group continued their efforts to act as liaison between Hamlet, Village and District Officials, in initiating Civic Action and Community Development. Civic Action efforts in MedCaps, education, distribution of commodities, personal response and construction projects continued at an acceptable level.

  2. The Civic Action NCO's have been working to better their relations with the Vietnamese people by helping them in repairing their homes and roads; also by doing this they have become better acquainted with the people.

  3. Several CAPs have been giving out trash barrels to their hamlets and villages under conditions where the people have to hold regular police calls in their own area. The CAPs have made arrangements to pick up the trash barrels for them, and the Hamlet Chief provides the people to dump the trash. The Hamlets have been holding daily police calls due to the trash barrels and the CAP Marines.

  4. During the month the CAP Civic Action NCOs have received numerous gifts from people in the United States. These gifts have been clothing, toys, soap and personal hygiene kits. These gifts have been given to the most needy Vietamese in the CAP areas.

  5. Several of the CAP Civic Action NCO's have been building bulletin boards in the Hamlets where the Vietnamese can post their important events so that all the people in the hamlets can receive the information. The bulletin boards have become very useful for the Vietnamese people and are therefore appreciated.

  6. Commodities distributed during the month of April were as follows:
Food, 1759 lb.; meals fed, 699; clothing, 850 lb.; soap, 1865 lb.; school refill kits, 149; personal hygiene kits, 22; sewing kits, 124; midwife kits, 4; Physical Education kits, 100; Masonry kits, 8.

  7. During April, CAP personnel of the Group assisted the Vietnamese civilians in completing the following projects: fences, 18; public heads, 2; public showers, 4; wells, 21; dwellings, 1; pagodas, 2; bridges, 5; school class rooms, 4; family bunkers, 2.

  8. Medical assistance in support of civic action saw MedCaps resulting in the treatment of 10,637 Vietnamese civilians and 36 dental cases were treated. Vietnamese medically evacuated during the month of April were 52 adults and 36 children.

  9. CAP corpsmen continued to train Vietnamese civilians in the basics of first aid. During the month 47 such civilians were under going training.

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DECLASSIFIED

CONFIDENTIAL

These aides assist in MedCaps and serve as interpreters for the corpsmen.

 10. Psychological operations activities employed by 2d CAG during the month of April included the use of air-dropped leaflets and hand dissemination of leaflets and Vietnamese newspapers.

   (1) Approximately 30,000 "CAPs are here to help you" leaflets were air dropped.

   (2) Approximately 40,000 "safe conduct passes" were air dropped.

   (3) 50,000 reward leaflets were air dropped during the month of April.

   (4) Approximately 45,000 Vietnamese newspapers were hand distributed by CAP Marines.

10. Personnel and Administration

  a. Personnel Transactions. During the month of April the following personnel transactions were completed.

 
(1) Joined USMC
  Off Enl
  0  43
 
(2) Rotated CONUS USMC
  Off Enl
  0  8
 
(3) Reassignment Within WestPac USMC
  Off Enl
  0  28
 
(4) Transferred by Service Records While Sick (out of country hospital)
USMC
  Off Enl
  0  27
 
(5) Extension of WestPac Tour Effected USMC
  Off Enl
  0  1

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DECLASSIFIED

CONFIDENTIAL

  b. Promotions: During the month of April the following promotions were effected:

      To PFC  0      To SSgt  0 
To LCpl  47      To GySgt  0 
To Cpl  1      To 1st Sgt/MSgt  0 
To Sgt  1      To SgtMaj/MGySgt  0 

  c. Legal Matters

      1. Courts held:      GCM  - 0
          SpCM - One (1)
          SCM  - Two (2)
2. Article 32 Investigations      Completed
            0
3. NJP      Eight (8)
4. JAG-Type Investigations:      Two (2)

  d. Award Recommendations

      SSM - 0
BSM - 3
NCM - 9
NAM - 0
PH  - 34

  e. Congrints/Splints/Welreps

    The command has responded to:

 
  (2) Congrints
(0) Splints
(5) Welreps

  f. Morale and Welfare

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DECLASSIFIED

CONFIDENTIAL

  1. R&R: The command has utilized the following number of quotas to the R&R areas listed.

  a. Hong Kong (6)     Japan (3)
Taipei (4)     Bangkok (8)
Hawaii (9)     Sydney (9)
Okinawa (1)     Manila (0)
b. In Country - Two (2)    

2. Mail.   Daily average bags of mail processed:

  Incoming   Outgoing
25   2

  3. Hospital Visitations. All Incountry Hospital patients are visited weekly by their respective CACO Commanders.

g. Career Planning

  Re-enlistments: ( 1 ) 2 yrs; ( 0 ) 3 yrs; ( 0 ) 4 yrs;
  ( 0 ) 6 yrs.  

  Extensions: ( 0 ) ____ months; ( 0 ) ____ months;
  ( 0 ) ____ months; ( 0 ) ____ months;

11. Intelligence

      Captured enemy documents in Quang Nam Province revealed that the enemy started in late March, early April the Phase I of the K700 campaign. Other captured documents and agent reports revealed the enemy planned to return to guerrilla warfare with an emphasis on the more traditional insurgent tactics of widespread hit and run raids, sabotage, terrorism, attacks-by-fire, and intensified political - economic warfare. Actual combat experience in 2d CAG confirmed these reports with a high rate of terrorist incidents recorded during April. English language enemy propaganda was directed against CAG units. The CAP program is a threat to the VC efforts.
      The terrorist incidents and VC propaganda during April were directed against GVN officials and buildings. In some cases the VC directly attacked civilian groups in an effort to destroy the peoples' faith in the GVN as a viable form of security. After these attacks the VC left behind

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DECLASSIFIED

CONFIDENTIAL

propaganda statements to the effect that the GVN cannot be much good if it can not protect your lives, homes and fields.
      The enemy is having problems with both troop morale and logistics of vitally needed foodstuffs. Captured documents in Dien Ban District revealed that VC units in the area are not receiving cooperation from local villagers. The local villagers refuse to sell them food and those who are willing to traffic with the VC are prevented by CAP checkpoints from getting their foodstuffs to the VC. A POW captured from the 141st NVA Regiment stated that the troops of this Regiment are close to a state of mutiny due to bad morale and constant setbacks suffered at the hands of allied forces.
      Other reports from POWs and captured documents substantiate the visual sightings of mixed NVA/VC units, as mentioned in last months chronology. This farming out of NVA regulars to local force VC units indicates two things. One, the enemy has suffered man power losses and two, that he is indeed reverting to guerrilla type warfare.
      Political activity by the enemy as revealed in captured documents are aimed at discrediting GVN land reform activities. VC agents were instructed by this directive (10/CT/TV) dated 6 April 1970, to motivate the villages in Hoa Vang District to boycott the GVN land reform program and to refuse to supply the GVN with documentary records concerning land ownership of the villages.

12. Communications

  a. Problem areas

        This command received batteries for the AN/PRC-25 which were outdated, thereby causing a high rate of battery use.

  b. Communications:

    1. Radio Relay. A period of 6 hours down time was recorded for the MRC-62. 4 hours of this time was due to a frequency blockage caused by another radio relay using the same frequency. 2 hours of down time was due to the breakage and replacement of an antenna.

    2. Battery usage BA 396. 1428 batteries were used during the month, 149 AN/PRC-25 radios were in use.

    3. Combat Operation Center. The following communications traffic was passed through the combat operations center over various nets.

      Incoming Messages    362
Outgoing Messages 198
Spot Reports 265
Intelligence Reports   4
Casualty Reports  31

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DECLASSIFIED

CONFIDENTIAL

      Serious Incident Reports      0
Commanders Daily Summary 243
   
Total Traffic 1103

      4. Communications Supply. Components of end items were in adequate stock throughout the entire month. The following list reflects requisition status of communcation items.

      Requisitions Submitted     0
Requisitions Completed  5
Requisitions Outstanding 47
Total Outstanding 47

      5. Maintenance. Excellent maintenance support on repair of components of end items was provided by Electronic Maintenance from FLSG-B. Total support provided by FLSG-B Electronic Maintenance was as follows:

      Work Requests Submitted    126
Work Requests Completed 126
Work Requests Outstanding   0
Total Outstanding   0

13. Fire Support

    During April 2d CAG units called in (8) artillery missions, (6) 81mm mortar fire missions, and (3) 60mm mortar fire missions on either suspected or known enemy targets.

14. Air Support

    During April (2) fixed wing missions were flown in support of 2d CAG units. There was no other type of air support requested during the month of April.

15. Activations, Deactivations, Redesignations, Relocations of CAPs

      Negative report

16. Combined Action Force School

      2d CAG, in April sent 57 Marines to Combined Action Force School.

17. Combined Action Force Vietnamese Language School

      2d CAG, in April sent (7) Marines to Combined Action Force Vietnamese Language School.

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CONFIDENTIAL

18. Medical Detachment

      a. General:
          During the month of April, Headquarters 2d Combined Action Group, Medical Section continued to expand its MedCap capabilities at CAG level with outstanding success.
          The CAG Headquarters Supply system was up dated to provide better and more effective service for the Corpsmen and Marines in the field. This was accomplished by increasing the T/O of medical personnel to three permanent medical personnel.

      b. Personnel:
      1. Medical Department Representative:    J.H. BRYSON, HMC
2. Administrative/Sick Call Petty Officer: J.F. COMBS, HM1
3. Supply/Sick Call Petty Officer J.A. EGGINK, HM2

         (a) Detached RTD     3
(b) Transferred to 3rd CAG     2
(c) Transferred to CAF DIR     1
(d) Transferred to Air Wing     1
(e) WIA     3
(f) Joined    10

      c. MedCap:

          1. During the month of April Combined Action Platoons treated 10,637 Vietnamese civilians through routine MedCaps.

          2. Headquarters Group Aid Station treated 623 Vietnamese civilians through daily Med Caps. This is an increase of 430 over last months total.

      d. Training:

          1. CAP Corpsmen conducted a total of 59 classes with an attendance total of 505 Health workers, PF Corpsmen and civilians. This is a decrease of 4 classes and 71 people in attendance.

      e. The decrease in MedCaps, classes and attendance was the result of a shortage of Corpsmen for most of the month of April.

19. Special Services

          1. The month of April was a good one for Special Services. One Hong Kong trip was made and proved to be quite successful. Our monthly income was $1,752.50.

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CONFIDENTIAL

      2. During April the weekly issue of beer and soda to the CAPs was continued. The weekly allotment of beer and soda was changed due to the increase or decrease in the amount of personnel assigned to the different CAPs. During the month 364 cases of beer and soda were issued to the field.

      3. One organizational party was held by the S-1 section. Beer and soda were furnished by Special Services.

      4. Special Services also received paperback books during the month of April. The paperback books were distributed to all the CAPs.

3-19

(End of 2d CAG Command Chronology for April, 1970)

Go to the Command Chronology for May, 1970


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